4. I Corinthians 1:17 “sent me not to
baptize but to preach.” Did he not have the same commission as the other
apostles? “Baptizing them in the name…”
Actually, Paul didn't have the same commission
as the other apostles, at least not directly. The Lord told Ananias what
Paul's commission would be: "he is my chosen vessel to bear my name before
the nations and kings, and the children of Israel. For I will show him how
many things he must suffer for my name’s sake.” "Bear My name" sounds like
preaching to me. Acts 9:15, 16
5. I Corinthians 1:14-16—Did he forget who he baptized? Are there more he
didn’t think of ?
Now we're getting a bit nit-picky. It was not
Paul's regular custom to baptize, since that wasn't his personal call. He
usually did the preaching and let others do the baptizing, but in a pinch
(no other qualified brothers available) he preached AND dunked to meet the
6. I Corinthians 2:15—“The spiritual man judges all things, but is
himself to be judged by no one. ‘For who has known the mind of the Lord so
as to instruct him?’ But we have the mind of Christ.” Did not Y'shua say “Do
not Judge lest ye be judged?” Yet he has the power to judge? Is Paul setting
himself up as some sort of untouchable, unapproachable “spiritual man” that
cannot be judged or be wrong about things. Paul himself said there was a
battle for himself between the flesh and the spirit, i.e. “I do the things I
don’t want to do….” He puts himself on the same level as Christ while
implying that the Corinthians are not “spiritual men” but natural or of the
flesh and therefore must accept him as some sort of dictator.
Your first problem here is mixing up multiple
meanings of the word "judge." Notice that these are two different words in
the Greek. When Y'shua said "do not judge (G2919) lest ye be judged” He is
using the word "judge" in the sense of "condemn" (Luke 6:37). In other
words, 'don't be condemning of others lest you be condemned yourself'. The
meaning here is not to be a nit-picky faultfinder in your personal relations
with others. This is not the same sense in which Paul is using the word
"judge" (G350) in I Corinthians 2:15, since this is an entirely different
word in the original Greek. There "judge" means "assess" or "appraise."
The NASB translates thusly; "But he who is
spiritual appraises all things, yet he himself is appraised by no one." This
simply means that the spiritual man is equipped by the Spirit to appraise
the real situation while he cannot be correctly appraised by anyone who is
It is impossible to find fault with this
statement. Y'shua said that the Spirit would lead us "into all truth." This
is essentially the same as Paul saying "he who is spiritual appraises all
things." Paul's claim that those who are not spiritual cannot "appraise"
those who are spiritual is equally unassailable. Clearly, someone without
the Spirit cannot understand the spiritual man, since, as Y'shua put it
"That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the
Spirit is spirit" and "If I told you earthly things and you do not believe,
how will you believe if I tell you heavenly things? (John 3:6, 12) The
problem of those persons who walk (and think) in the flesh is not Paul or
other leaders YHWH sends to them. Their problem is a failure to walk (and
think) in the Spirit. That is what Paul was trying to help them with.
7. Wasn’t Y'shua supposed to have gone to the Father after appearing to
the people before the Pentecost so that the Spirit could come? Yet Paul
claims Jesus was with him for 3 years?
The only place Paul refers to a three year
period is Gal. 1:18. Nowhere in this verse or any other does Paul claim that
Messiah was physically with Paul for three years. Whatever this question is
predicated upon it's just wrong. Paul never made such a claim.
8. Does Paul envision such a place as purgatory? I Corinthians 3:15
This verse is part of a longer passage that is clearly allegorical, having
nothing to do with the Catholic doctrine of purgatory.
9. Why does Y'shua say don’t judge but Paul tells us to judge. I thought
judgment was left for God alone, but Paul says we judge the church now and
the world and the angels later?
I think we've been through this one already.
Messiah's statement means don't be a nit-picky faultfinder in your personal
relations with others. Paul would agree with that. What Paul was talking
about is crimes against Torah among the brethren. John, Peter, and Jude also
called for judgment by the assembly against apostates. Torah itself states
that such crimes must be judged and dealt with from within the assembly of
believers (1 Cor 5). As for judging the world and angels in the life to
come, Paul is only repeating Daniel and the other prophets.
10. Does Paul think that Christ is coming back in that generation that he
is advising people not to marry? If everyone in the world would have
listened to his advice back then, there would be no population of people on
the earth. “Now let me say this, dear brothers and sisters: The time that
remains is very short, so husbands should not let marriage be their major
concern.” Yet the words of Y'Shua in Matthew 19 say if anyone can be
married, he should!
Actually, you are mistaken in thinking Messiah
(or Paul) said all men should be married. In Matthew 19 Messiah said quite
otherwise. Notice the exchange Messiah had with His disciples after
10 His disciples said to him, “If this is the case of the man with his wife,
it is not expedient to marry.”
11 But he said to them, “Not all men can receive this saying, but those to
whom it is given.
12 For there are eunuchs who were born that way from their mother’s womb,
and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men; and there are eunuchs
who made themselves eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heaven’s sake. He who is able
to receive it, let him receive it.”
Notice that Messiah introduced the concept of "eunuchs for the Kingdom of
Heaven’s sake." He is saying this in the sense of men remaining unmarried
for the sake of the Kingdom. Paul was one such man and Paul's opinion on
marriage is in keeping with that fact. Of course Paul felt singleness for
the sake of the Kingdom was the better choice, since that is the choice he
personally was called to make.
Neither Messiah nor Paul insisted that all men should receive that call to
singleness. Messiah said "He who is able to receive it, let him receive it."
Paul said "Only, as the Lord has distributed to each man, as God has called
each, so let him walk." Perfect harmony here. (Matt 19:12, 1Cor 7:17)
Most men are called to marriage. Such men function best if married (to a
woman of God's choice). Those who are not called to marriage will do best if
they stay single, even as both Messiah and Paul have stated.
11. If to others I am not an apostle, yet at least I am to you; for the
seal of mine apostleship are ye in the Lord.—Did others not consider him an
apostle? Might it have been the other 12? Just because you convert someone
or even a whole city doesn’t make you an apostle yet the Corinthians are his
“seal”? Did Paul have some sort of Psychosis that he thought he was an
apostle. (I mean, he did claim to have been personally tutored by Y'Shua for
3 years after his death while Y'Shua said that he was going to the father).
I think I would rather take Y'Shua's word for it. Maybe Paul was a well
meaning guy who was well educated on Y'Shua's teaching but had a serious
psychological disorder? Maybe Paul ate funny mushroom on the road to
Damascus? (Half Joking)
I'm glad you are joking because this is
ludicrous as well as irreverent. Clearly, Peter, James and all of the other
apostles accepted Paul (2 Peter 3, Acts 15, 21:18). Perhaps some in Corinth
who did not want to obey Paul said that he wasn't really an apostle. That's
what I get from the sense in which he writes. In any case, Paul established
the congregation in Corinth, so it would be quite disingenuous of any of
them to say "he is not an apostle." In that context his saying that they
themselves were the "seal of his apostleship" makes all the sense in the
world. As for all that nonsense about three years tutored by Messiah in the
flesh, that has been addressed above.
12. Why use such strong Old Testament imagery in the Corinthian letters?
Was there a sufficient amount of Jews living in Corinth that would know what
he was talking about?
In fact, there were synagogues in every city
and Paul always preached to the Jews first, then to the Gentiles (Rom 1:16).
One would assume the Jewish brethren taught Torah to the Gentile brethren.
13. Galatians 5:14 The entire law is summed up in a single command: "Love
your neighbor as yourself."
a. Y'Shua said the entire Law was summed up in Two Commands, why does Paul
Leave out God?
In the preceding verse Paul says; "..through
love be servants to one another." Gal 5:13
The context of the verse is personal relations with one another. Therefore
Paul is speaking in the context of personal relations with one another. IN
THAT CONTEXT the whole law is about loving one another. Does that leave out
God? Figure it out.
14. Galatians 5:18 But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under
law. What does this even Mean?
This means the Spirit of God Himself impels
you from within your spirit to do the things that the Torah has always
required, which brings all striving under the Torah to an end. This means
doing the things of God because you have become a true son of God so that it
is your spiritual nature to do the things that are pleasing to Him. In this
way you fulfill the Torah by the Spirit.
15. Galatians 5:19-21 "The acts of the sinful nature are obvious: sexual
immorality, impurity and debauchery; idolatry and witchcraft; hatred,
discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, factions and
envy; drunkenness, orgies, and the like." How are these obvious unless we
have been taught? We are taught that by the law and by the Spirit.
"God created man in his own image. In God’s
image he created him; male and female he created them." Gen 1:27
YHWH made man with an innate moral sense "in His own image." That is how
evil of all kinds is obvious, even to those who have not been taught.
Because all men are created with an internal sense of morality. That is why
it is just that all men and women will be judged according to their deeds
Paul argued precisely this point in these words:
"For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and
unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, because
that which is known of God is revealed in them, for God revealed it to them.
For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly
seen, being perceived through the things that are made, even his everlasting
power and divinity; that they may be without excuse.
Because, knowing God, they didn’t glorify him as God, neither gave thanks,
but became vain in their reasoning, and their senseless heart was darkened.
Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, and traded the glory of
the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and
of birds, and four-footed animals, and creeping things.
Therefore God also gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to uncleanness,
that their bodies should be dishonored among themselves, who exchanged the
truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than
the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen." Romans 1:18-25
16. Galatians 5:22-23 "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace,
patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control.
Against such things there is no law." What does that mean? “Against”???
Against such there is no law - "Those, whose
lives are adorned by the above virtues, cannot be condemned by any law, for
the whole purpose and design of the moral law of God is fulfilled in those
who have the Spirit of God, producing in their hearts and lives the
preceding fruits." [Adam Clarke Commentary]
That takes care of the list.
As you approach Paul's writings in the future perhaps keeping these two tips
in mind will help.
1. Paul was a faithful and obedient bondslave of Messiah, who gave his life
for his Master. Until you have done as well you should be slow to "judge"
2. Paul is one of the finest Spirit-led Torah scholars of all time.
Everything he ever wrote is right in step with Torah, if rightly understood.
If you think that Paul is out of step with Torah in any particular you
likely either don't understand Torah or you don't understand Paul. Ask YHWH
to help you see what you're missing.
In our latest program we continue with more signs
in the sky. This installment looks at the changing geo-political
landscape among space faring nations and the startling and
rapidly developing weaponization of space. A discussion of
verses from Amos 9 shows what this has to do with the scattered
remnant of Israel.
Blessings and Shalom,
Eliyahu ben David