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"Out of Tsiyon,
the perfection of beauty,
God shines forth"
from Tsiyon volunteer, Greg: "I have been on a medication
known as Zocor / Simvastatin. This drug is used by many to lower
cholesterol levels. In most cases the drug works but there is a
slight percent in which there are side effects some of which can
be permanent. I have been one of those people in which the side
effects have happened. My muscles have rapidly deteriorated
within a 30 day period and I am not able to function at normal
capacity any longer. I have been taken off the drug and am
hoping for a fast recovery. At this time to help with the speed
of the recovery I am asking for all the prayer I can get from
Israel. I am committed to doing YHWH's work and need to recover
fast so the work can continue." [Greg is working with
Tsiyon helping us with our website. We are praying for Greg's
health and thought you might want to as well.]
Announcing the first EBD Crossword Contest! You
can find this Isaiah-based crossword on my blog at
eliyahubendavid.com. Do it for fun or do it to win a prize.
Either way, I hope you will enjoy it.
Question - Jericho Facts
I enjoyed your teaching on
the overlooked feast of unleavened bread. Could you provide with
the sages into Joshua 6:2-5?
- Jericho Facts
Perhaps you are aware that the events outlined in the verses you
mention occurred during the seven days following the feast of
unleavened bread, immediately after Israel entered into the
Promised Land. Here are the verses you are asking about:
1 Now Jericho was tightly shut up because of the children of
Israel. No one went out, and no one came in.
2 YHWH said to Joshua, “Behold, I have given Jericho into your
hand, with its king and the mighty men of valor.
3 All your men of war shall march around the city, going around
the city once. You shall do this six days.
4 Seven priests shall bear seven shofars of rams’ horns before
the ark. On the seventh day, you shall march around the city
seven times, and the priests shall blow the shofars.
5 It shall be that when they make a long blast with the ram’s
horn, and when you hear the sound of the shofar, all the people
shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall
fall down flat, and the people shall go up every man straight
before him.” Joshua 6:1-5 HNV
Something I can add to the sages regarding the story of Jericho
is observation of the actual site and modern archaeological
information confirming the details of the Biblical account.
In 1984 I personally inspected the ancient city of Jericho and
even took samples of pottery from the ancient city. At the time
I was greatly impressed with, what to me, was obvious
confirmation of the Bible record. At that time the "experts"
disagreed with what was so obvious to me. They said the timing
was all wrong for the Biblical account and that Jericho had been
destroyed by the Egyptians! This skepticism against the Biblical
story was based on conclusions offered by British archaeologist,
Kathleen Kenyon, in the 1950s. Before Kenyon, in the early
1900s, excavations by John Garstang in the ancient city of
Jericho essentially confirmed the entire Biblical account.
Today experts criticize Kenyon's methods. For example, one well
informed writer states:
[Kenyon's] insistence that excavation proceed in narrow
trenches denies us, when we use the Jericho reports, the
confidence that her loci, and the pottery assemblages that go
with them, represent understandable human activity patterns over
coherently connected living areas. The individual layers,
insufficiently exposed horizontally, simply cannot be
interpreted credibly in terms of function. (Herr, Larry G.
(2002), W.F. Albright and the History of Pottery in Palestine,
Near Eastern Archaeology 65.1 (2002), 53.)
This says to me: Kenyon's methods deliberately dumbed down the
evidence so that she could arrive at her own biased
pre-determined conclusion discrediting the Scriptural account.
Her "expert" conclusions continued to hold sway until about
1990, when Dr. Bryant Wood began publishing a fuller account of
the evidence at Jericho. Not surprisingly, his evidence and
conclusions agree with those of Garstang, while exposing the
skewed conclusions of Kenyon.
The truth is easily observed at Jericho, as I saw for myself in
Here are a few salient facts gleaned from an article on the
1. Pottery shards at the site decorated with red and black
patterns, such as those I personally collected, were only in use
during the 15th century BC. This is exactly the time Bible
chronology tells us that Israel went into the Land.
2. The mound, or “tell,” of Jericho was surrounded by a great
earthen rampart, or embankment, with a stone retaining wall at
its base. The retaining wall was some 12–15 ft high. On top of
that was a mudbrick wall 6 ft thick and about 20–26 ft high (Sellin
and Watzinger 1973: 58). At the crest of the embankment was a
similar mudbrick wall whose base was roughly 46 ft above the
ground level outside the retaining wall. This is what loomed
high above the Israelites as they marched around the city.
3. A copious spring which provided water for ancient, as well as
modern, Jericho lay inside the city walls. At the time of the
attack, the harvest had just been taken in (Jos 3:15), so the
citizens had an abundant supply of food. This has been borne out
by many large jars full of grain found in the Canaanite homes by
John Garstang in his excavation in the 1930s and also by Kenyon.
With a plentiful food supply and ample water, the inhabitants of
Jericho could have held out for several years.
4. Excavations have shown that the bricks from the collapsed
walls fell in such a way as to form a ramp against the retaining
wall. The Israelites could merely climb up over the pile of
rubble, up the embankment, and enter the city. The Bible is very
precise in its description of how the Israelites entered the
city: “The people went up into the city, every man straight
before him” (Jos 6:20, KJV). The Israelites had to go up, and
that is what archaeology has revealed.
5. The German excavation of 1907-1909 found that on the north a
short stretch of the lower city wall did not fall as everywhere
else. A portion of that mudbrick wall was still standing to a
height of 8 ft (Sellin and Watzinger 1973: 58). What is more,
there were houses built against the wall! It is quite possible
that this is where Rahab’s house was located.
6. The Israelites “burned the whole city and everything in it” (Jos
6: 24). "The destruction was complete. Walls and floors were
blackened or reddened by fire, and every room was filled with
fallen bricks, timbers, and household utensils; in most rooms
the fallen debris was heavily burnt, but the collapse of the
walls of the eastern rooms seems to have taken place before they
were affected by the fire" (Kenyon 1981: 370).
7. Both Garstang and Kenyon found many storage jars full of
grain that had been caught in the fiery destruction. This is a
unique find in the annals of archaeology. Grain was valuable,
not only as a source of food, but also as a commodity which
could be bartered. Under normal circumstances, valuables such as
grain would have been plundered by the conquerors. Why was the
grain left to be burned at Jericho? The Bible provides the
answer. Joshua commanded the Israelites: "The city and all that
is in it are to be devoted to the Lord. Only Rahab the
prostitute and all who are with her in her house shall be
spared, because she hid the spies we sent" (Joshua 6).
All of these discoveries at Jericho, and more, confirm the
Biblical record as completely historical. YHWH Himself fought
for Israel that day. This is exciting, because it is this same
ALMIGHTY One who will be fighting for the remnant of Israel, as
He leads us back to our Land, in the Second Exodus.
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