about the July 29, 2013 Planetary Alignment?
A number of people
have been asking if the "Star of David" planetary alignment of July
29, 2013 is prophetically significant.
What about the July 29, 2013 Planetary Alignment?
answer this question Tsiyon has produced a 47 minute video. To see
it, click the picture here, or in the sidebar of the Tsiyon.org
website. Besides addressing the question about the July 29, 2013
"Grand Sextile" Planetary Alignment, this video addresses a number
of other things, including:
1. The Star of
2. The Messianic
3. The Star of
David Planetary Alignment Sequence
4. The blood moon
Tetrads of 1949-1950 and 1967-1968
5. The upcoming
blood moon 2014-2015 Tetrad
6. Last days wars
7 An analysis of
how all this pertains to the Remnant of Israel.
We hope you will enjoy
this video, and will also find sharing it a great way to introduce
others to the message of Tsiyon.
Egyptian titles granted to Joseph by Pharaoh have been discussed at
great length by modern scholars. The key verse is Genesis 45:8,
which mentions three titles held by Joseph. The Hebrew text of
course does not give the Egyptian form of these three titles. Hence,
years of scholarly debate have arisen over the exact Egyptian
renditions of the Hebrew words or phrases.
Of the three
titles that Joseph held, let us begin with the one obvious title,
and then move on to the two more complex and problematical titles.
states that Joseph was made Lord of all of Pharaoh’s House. This
title has an exact Egyptian counterpart, which is normally
translated into English as “Chief Steward of the King.”
The main job of
the Chief Steward was the detailed supervision of the King’s
personal agricultural estates, the number of which would have been
vast. This fits well with Joseph’s advice regarding the coming years
of plenty and the following years of famine. As Chief Steward,
Joseph would be well placed to prepare for the coming famine during
the years of more abundant production.
interesting to observe that another specific responsibility of the
Chief Steward was to take charge of the royal granaries, where the
agricultural wealth of the nation was stored. As the person in
charge of these great storehouses, Joseph was ideally placed for
carrying out his suggestion to store food during the good years for
On the practical
side, two things can be learned from Joseph’s post as Chief Steward.
First, note how
God had prepared him for his task. No one starts out in life at the
top of the ladder. We all must learn the ropes, so to speak, from
the ground floor up. Joseph had been steward of the estates of
Potiphar. This job was very much like that of Chief Steward of the
King, but on a much smaller scale. Joseph without doubt received
on-the-job training as Potiphar’s steward, which stood him in good
stead when he later was promoted to the same job in the King’s
steward, Joseph did his job faithfully. We are told that all that
Potiphar owned prospered under the stewardship of Joseph. Joseph
evidently learned well. He was therefore ready when the Lord allowed
him to become Chief Steward for all of Egypt.
the seven years of abundance the land produced plentifully” (Gn
workers harvesting grain and carrying it away to be threshed. Tomb
of Mena, Thebes, ca. 1420 B.C. ABR File photo.
A second point
also worth mentioning. As Chief Steward of the King, Joseph was
perfectly placed to care for God’s Chosen People during the famine.
As Genesis 45:7 tells us, God put Joseph into this position in order
to save the Patriarchal family. It is almost certain that Joseph did
not know this at the time of his appointment, but God had plans for
him. And, in the same way, wherever God places us, He may have a
major task for us to do later. Like Joseph, we should do the best we
can at whatever task He gives us, so that we will be ready when
called upon later.
collected all the food produced in those seven years of abundance in
Egypt and stored it in the cities” (Gn 41:48). After the grain was
winnowed, it was collected, and then tallied by scribes. Tomb of
Mena, Thebes, ca. 1420 B.C. ABR File photo.
also calls Joseph “Father to Pharaoh.” Of course, this does not mean
that Joseph was the physical father of the King of Egypt. There was
no blood connection between the two men. Pharaoh was an Egyptian;
Joseph was a Hebrew. Even if we assume, as many scholars do, that
the Pharaoh in the Joseph story was a Hyksos king, there is no
reason to suspect any blood relation between the two men. Dismissing
that possibility, what then does the phrase “Father of Pharaoh”
Pharaoh, or more literally “father of the God” (the Egyptians
believed their kings to be divine), had a variety of meanings in
ancient Egypt. One was as a term for the tutor of the King during
the ruler’s childhood. In Joseph’s case this is not likely. He had
never met the King until called out of prison to interpret the royal
dream. Nor does the Bible ever suggest that Joseph held such a post.
Another way the
title was used was as a designation for an individual whose daughter
became a wife of the reigning king. In other words, “Father of the
God” meant “father-in-law.” Again, we may dismiss this meaning for
Joseph’s title. The Bible says nothing about Joseph having any
daughters, let alone daughters who married the King of Egypt.
usage of the title was as a designation for minor priests in Egypt’s
complex state religion. Again, this does not seem even a remote
possibility for Joseph. He was never a priest in ancient Egypt, and
as a servant of the true God, he would not ever want to hold such an
A last use of
the title “Father of the God,” however, makes more sense for Joseph.
The Egyptians used this title as a special honor given to officials
who had served long and well, or who had done the King some special
favor. Joseph would easily qualify for the title Father of the God
when used in this way; in fact, this is the only usage that makes
sense. Joseph would have been named Father of the God for
interpreting the dream of the King, and for suggesting a plan for
Egypt to get through seven terrible years of famine.
"Joseph stored up huge quantities of
grain, like the sand of the sea; it was so much that he stopped
keeping records because it was beyond measure” (Gn 41:49). The grain
was stored in granaries such as depicted in this tomb model from the
Middle Kingdom, the time Joseph was in Egypt. Workers fill the
granary from the top while a scribe records the amount. Grain was
removed at the bottom by means of a sliding door. Egyptian Museum,
Cairo. Bryant G. Wood.
Throughout all the Land of Egypt
possible title is more controversial, and merits a more extended
treatment. The basic question is whether Joseph ever became Vizier,
or Prime Minister, of Egypt.
Genesis 45:8, by
calling Joseph “Ruler of all Egypt,” seems to suggest that he became
the Vizier of Egypt. And, when Pharaoh promoted and rewarded Joseph,
he said that only as King would he be greater than Joseph. But the
modern scholar William Ward has argued that Joseph never became
Vizier (Ward 1960:144–50). Ward states that Hebrew phrases such as
those mentioned above are not specific equivalents of the Egyptian
title of Vizier, but are rather only renditions of vague Egyptian
epithets given to other, lesser, officials.
obviously held only one of the vague epithets discussed by Ward and
that epithet was “Chief of the Entire Land.” While Ward is correct
in stating that this epithet was at times used for officials of
lower rank, it was most commonly used for Viziers. And, for the
phrase in Genesis 41:40, “Only with respect to the throne will I be
greater than you,” no exact Egyptian parallel exists. The Hebrew
text strongly suggests that Joseph became the Vizier of Egypt.
Joseph was indeed Vizier, what were his duties?
Egyptian inscriptions that describe the duties of the Vizier of
Egypt. Although such inscriptions are much later than Joseph’s time
(they date from the New Kingdom), several texts exist which describe
in great detail the duties and powers of the office of Vizier.
The Vizier was
the chief record keeper of the government records, was the
supervisor of the government in general, appointed lower officials
of government to office, controlled access to the person of the
Pharaoh, and generally supervised construction work and industry in
Egypt’s state-run economy (Aling 1984:49). More pertinent to Joseph,
the Vizier also was in charge of agricultural production, just what
he needed to care for God’s people in the time of famine.
power held by the Vizier has great interest in regard to the Joseph
story. Only the Vizier welcomed foreign embassies coming into Egypt.
So, when Joseph’s brothers came to Egypt for food, they would
normally meet with the Vizier. And, Joseph is the man they met (Gn
It is also
interesting that in referring to Joseph, the brothers normally call
him “the man.” This is perhaps a play on words since the Egyptian
word for man and the Egyptian word for Vizier are only one letter
The positions of
Vizier and Chief Steward of the King were both very high posts in
the government of Ancient Egypt, even as far back as the Middle
Kingdom. It is reasonable to ask if there are any known officials
with these titles that could have been Joseph. The answer is no, at
least at the present time. One problem is that we know comparatively
few Viziers and Chief Stewards from the Middle Kingdom. Also,
another major obstacle is that we do not know the Egyptian form of
Joseph’s name, only the Hebrew.
however, one fact of interest that we know about Middle Kingdom
Viziers. It is rare in the early part of the Middle Kingdom period
to find one person holding both the title of Vizier and the title of
Chief Steward of the King. But, from the time of Sesostris II of the
Middle Kingdom, we do find examples until the end of the 12th
Dynasty. It is possible that Joseph broke new ground in this regard,
being the first person to hold both positions at the same time.
Seven Years of Famine
As for the seven
years of famine, no contemporary Egyptian record of this famine
exists. But from a later time, when Greek kings ruled Egypt after
Alexander the Great’s conquest of Egypt, there is an Egyptian text
which mentions a seven-year famine, but dates it to the reign of
King Djoser of the Old Kingdom.
One wonders if
this is a garbled memory of the famine in Joseph’s day, simply
re-dated to the reign of a more famous king. Confirmation of such a
theory is nearly impossible, but it is interesting to speculate
This is a reprint from Bible and Spade Magazine
1984 Egypt and Bible
History. Grand Rapids MI: Baker.
1960 The Egyptian Office of Joseph Journal
of Semitic Studies 5:144–50.
Scriptures - Tehillim/Psalms - Book 2 was posted 7-21-13
Eliyahu ben David
Bet Midrash Torah Schedule was updated 7-11-13
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As Jacob relocates his entire household of 70+ souls down into Egypt
we marvel at this rather astounding move in the Will of Elohim. As
fascinating as it is to contemplate this first move of Israel into
Egypt, it is even more astounding to consider the movement of Yah's
Remnant nation of Israel, from every corner of the globe, that will
soon occur in fulfillment of prophecy, deep in these last days!
Eliyahu ben David